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UN proposal seeks arms embargo and democracy in Myanmar

UN proposal seeks arms embargo and democracy in Myanmar

UNITED NATIONS (PA) – The United Nations General Assembly is expected to approve a resolution calling on the Myanmar junta to restore the country’s democratic transition and all countries to “prevent the influx of arms into Myanmar,” said diplomats.

The draft resolution also condemns the murderous violence of the security forces and calls on the junta to unconditionally release deposed civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi, President Win Myint “and all those who have been arbitrarily detained, charged or arrested.”

The 193-member assembly is due to consider the resolution, which has more than 50 co-sponsors, on Friday afternoon and its sponsors hope it will be approved by consensus to send a strong message to the Global Opposition Army to its February resolution. 1 seizure of power and support for the return of democratic transition in Myanmar, although any nation can ask for a vote.

The project is the result of negotiations carried out by a so-called central group comprising the European Union, many Western countries and the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations known as ASEAN. , which includes Myanmar. A UN diplomat said there is an agreement with ASEAN to seek consensus, but what will happen with ASEAN members if there is a vote remains unclear.

Approval of the resolution would mark one of the few times the most representative UN body has spoken out against a military coup and called for an arms embargo.

Canada’s Ambassador to the UN, Bob Rae, a member of the core group, said on Thursday that everyone had worked hard “to reach a broad consensus” on the text, and discussions were still under way to find out how. ‘it would be approved by consensus or put to a vote.

Myanmar languished for five decades under strict military rule that has led to international isolation and sanctions. As the generals loosened their grip, culminating with Suu Kyi’s rise to the top of the 2015 election, the international community responded by lifting most sanctions and investing in the country. His party was re-elected by a landslide in the November election, but the military contends the vote was fraudulent and took over before the new parliament sat.

Widespread opposition to the junta regime began with massive demonstrations of non-violence. After soldiers and police used lethal force to crush peaceful protests, a low-level armed insurgency emerged both in the towns and in the countryside.

Last week, the UN human rights office cited credible reports that at least 860 people have been killed by security forces since February 1, mostly during protests, and that more than 4 800 people – including activists, journalists and opponents of the junta – are in arbitrary detention.

Speaking on the draft resolution, Rae from Canada said: “I think this is a strong statement from the General Assembly on our strong opposition to what is happening in Myanmar, and our strong desire to return to a process of realization. democracy in the country, civil and economic rights for everyone, including the Rohingya.

The draft calls on “the Myanmar armed forces to respect the will of the people freely expressed by the results of the general elections of November 8, 2020. It also said that parliament should be allowed to meet and that the armed forces and other organs should be integrated into an “inclusive civilian government that is representative of the will of the people”.

Unlike Security Council resolutions, General Assembly resolutions are not legally binding, but they reflect world opinion and supporters of the project believe it will have an impact.

Rae, a former Canadian special envoy to Myanmar, does not believe the nation can return to its past isolation as the people of Myanmar “have developed a taste for openness, democracy, participation, and social and political rights.” , did he declare. “And I don’t think people are going to lose that taste. And I think the answer is to do whatever we can to support democracy.”

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